Crowded urban spaces
Population is on the rise but can we say the same for food production?

The world’s population has been proposed to grow by another 2 billion people, and feeding it will be a huge challenge. Due to industrial development, urbanization,and efforts to increase food production we are losing arable lands every day, the environment is becoming hazardous to health. Scientists say that the Earth has lost a third of its arable lands over the last 40 years. Conventional means of crop production has been accused of contributing over 70% of the causes of environmental depletion. Therefore  Increasing food demand due to a rapidly spiking population along with ever decreasing arable lands and the depletion in earth’s integrity poses one of the greatest challenges facing us. Researches have shown that Vertical farming can be a solution to this Dilemma. Hmmm! But what is vertical farming? Lets find out shall we?

Vertical Farming
Vertical Farming

Vertical farming is the practice of producing food and medicine in vertically stacked layers, vertically inclined surfaces and/or integrated in other structures (such as in a skyscraper, used warehouse, or shipping container). The modern ideas of vertical farming use indoor farming techniques and controlled-environment agriculture (CEA) technology, where many environmental factors can be controlled. It utilizes artificial control of light, environmental control (humidity, temperature, gases.)

Using Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) technology, this modern idea uses indoor farming techniques. The artificial control of temperature, light, humidity, and gases makes producing foods and medicine indoor possible. In many ways, vertical farming is similar to greenhouses where metal reflectors and artificial lighting augment natural sunlight. The primary goal of vertical farming is maximizing crops output in a limited space.

While the vertical farming market continues to make progress in the world generally, Japan has seen the most success of any country. Japan already boasts of over 200 large-scale “farming as manufacturing” plant factories, and China has another 80. And while vertical farming is a very small segment of the market, it is growing rapidly and is anticipated to hit $5.8 billion by 2022, this is juicy right? Yeah! Vertical farming technologies are still relatively new. Companies are yet to successfully produce crops at scale and make it economically feasible to meet the growing food demand. Yeah! Add that to the juicy part.


Vertical farming is worthy of exploring as farmers. In Africa, we see the urban farmers picking up the pace and doing their best to meet with the food need of the urban populace. In Nigeria, we have Gartner Callaway farms located in Lagos and Fresh Direct Located in Abuja. But do you think Vertical farming is really the solution to all the problems of the looming famine the world would face as a result of Over population, Urbanization and Climate change?

We would love to get your answers in the comment section?


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